Chalkidiki or Halkidiki as some know it is a three-pronged peninsula, located in Northern
Greece, roughly in the center of Macedonia. To the North it shares borders with the
prefecture of Thessaloniki the country's second largest city. To the South, East and West
Chalkidiki juts into the Aegean Sea.
The main peninsula terminates in three smaller ones, namely Kassandra, Sithonia and Mount
Athos, well known as the Holy Mountain (an independent administrative district). Its
winding coastline is marked by four sizeable gulfs - the Thermaic Gulf to the west, the Gulf of
Orfanou to the east as well as the Gulf of Toroni and the Mt Athos Gulf in the south.
Chalkidiki can be easily accessed by car and bus, with regular bus schedules. It is also very
close to Thessaloniki (60 km) and the airport Macedonia. The road network is among the best
in Northern Greece. However, its close distance to Thessaloniki results in traffic congestion
during high season periods.
Chalkidiki is obviously an excellent choice for a relaxing holiday. Sunny golden beaches,
deep and picturesque gulfs, traditional villages and modern tourist resorts, small islands and
sheltered bays, rich history, competitive cultural heritage, and warm people, Mediterranean
climate and magnificent natural beauty, this is today's Chalkidiki.
Sithonia is the middle peninsula of Chalkidiki and is of great interest. The exciting landscape
of this prong appeals to nature lovers and holiday makers seeking refuge from the trappings
of civilization. The coastline is attractively varied.
A succession of fishermen's hamlets, picturesque little harbors, deserted beaches of all sizes
surrounded by trees and bushes. The peninsula is a symphony in blue and green. However,
its primitive surroundings do not suggest lack of tourist facilities.
Sithonia manages to combine traditional beauty and hospitality with contemporary
pleasures. Moving on to Sithonia, you must take your time and enjoy the idyllic blue-flag
Sithonia was named after Sithon, King of Macedonia and son of Poseidon and Ossa. Greek
mythology says that Sithon was the father of beautiful Pallini and many wooers all around
the world wanted her for their wife. Thus, only the one that could win her father in a duel
would be allowed to marry her.
Unfortunately, no one could win her father and Pallini remained single for years. When
Sithon grew old, he could not fight anymore so the wooers had to fight against each other. In
one of these battles, the opponents were Klitos and Driantas.
Pallini's heart was with Klitos and she was scared that he might die. She told her secret to an
old male nurse that helped her by bribing the coachman of Driantas to destroy the arm of his
master so that Klitos would win. Sithon understood what was going on and decided to burn
A "holy"rain started and Pallini was saved on the right moment. Sithon considered this a sign
of the Gods, admitted his mistake and allowed the two youngsters to get married. In
antiquity, the cities Sermyli, Physkella, Siggos, Parthenopolis, Galipsos, Toroni, Derra,
Ambelos, Sarti, Piloros, Assa and Sithoni were in Sithonia.